Based on research, humic substances are formed as follows:
- Lignin Modification
- Quinone Acid Interactions
- Microbial Synthesis of Aromatics
- Sugar Amino Acid Reaction Sequences
However, it takes thousands of years of these reactions, coupled with lignin dissolution, to form large complex polymers. These polymers have their own kenetic & bio-signatures which has allowed scientists to study the differences between Humified Carbon and New Carbon.
Analysis of Humified Carbon demonstrates the presence of over 60 different mineral elements, resulting in the excellent metal complexing properties of Humified Carbon. Additionally, during the ecological aging process of Humified Carbon, it becomes enriched with the strong physical, chemical and biological properties which give Humified Carbon it’s agronomic benefits.
New Carbon, which is making Humic & Fulvic Acids from straw, wood pulp and compost lack the dynamics of thousands of years of environmental conditioning coupled with factors such as carbon cycling. According to research, the percentage of Humic & Fulvic Acids found in Compost (New Carbon) is 2 and 5 percent respectively. Conversely, the percentage of Humic & Fulvic Acids found in Leonardite is 40 and 85 percent respectively.
To summarize, the natural, geophysical, geochemical and biochemical processes over long periods of time are the keys to a quality Humic or Fulvic Acid, which delivers the agronomic benefits Humates are known for.